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13:4

Download The Medieval Islamicate World Crash Course History of Science #7 download mp4 3gp mp3

The religion of Islam significantly influenced knowledge-making in the greater Mediterranean and western Asian world Islamicate scholars—meaning people influenced by Islamic civilization, regardless of their religious views—gave us terms such as “algebra,” “azimuth,” “algorithm,” “alcohol,” “alkali,” and “alembic ” We’ll dive into Islamic medicine and philosophers such as the great Persian polymath Ibn Sina in future episodes For now, let’s explore the beginnings of Islamicate natural philosophy It s really cool, you guys! *** Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at www patreon com crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever Mark Brouwer, Glenn Elliott, Justin Zingsheim, Jessica Wode, Eric Prestemon, Kathrin Benoit, Tom Trval, Jason Saslow, Nathan Taylor, Divonne Holmes à Court, Brian Thomas Gossett, Khaled El Shalakany, Indika Siriwardena, Robert Kunz, SR Foxley, Sam Ferguson, Yasenia Cruz, Eric Koslow, Caleb Weeks, Tim Curwick, Evren Türkmenoğlu, Alexander Tamas, D A Noe, Shawn Arnold, mark austin, Ruth Perez, Malcolm Callis, Ken Penttinen, Advait Shinde, Cody Carpenter, Annamaria Herrera, William McGraw, Bader AlGhamdi, Vaso, Melissa Briski, Joey Quek, Andrei Krishkevich, Rachel Bright, Alex S, Mayumi Maeda, Kathy & Tim Philip, Montather, Jirat, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Ian Dundore, Chris Peters, Sandra Aft, Steve Marshall -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - www facebook com YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - www twitter com TheCrashCourse Tumblr - thecrashcourse tumblr com Support Crash Course on Patreon patreon com crashcourse CC Kids www youtube com crashcours

25:25

Download Science in a Golden Age Al Razi, Ibn Sina and the Canon of Medicine download mp4 3gp mp3

Science in a Golden Age - Al-Razi, Ibn Sina and the Canon of Medicine We explore the links between medical research in the Golden Age of Science and the modern practice of medicine today Standing in one of the largest neo-natal units in the world at Hamad Hospital in Qatar, you would not immediately be able to draw a link between the pioneering medical research being conducted and the work of physicists from the 9th century In this episode of Science in the Golden Age, theoretical physicist Jim al-Khalili guides us through a journey of discovery where he highlights the links between medical research in the Golden Age of Science during the 9th and 14th centuries and the modern practice of medicine today At Hamad Hospital, a new treatment is being trialled for babies born with a neurological disorder called neo-natal encephalopathy Senior consultant Dr Samawal Lutfi explains how the double blind placebo control method ensures the accuracy of the study This notion of a control group goes all the way back over a thousand years to a Persian physician by the name of Al-Razi who built the first hospitals in Baghdad He was an early proponent of applying a rigorous scientific approach to medicine and used a control group when testing methods to treat meningitis in the 9th century At Harefield Hospital in the UK, we meet Professor Magdi Yacoub, a pioneering transplant surgeon and one of the world s leading heart specialists Professor Yacoub explains how the 13th century Syrian scholar Ibn al-Nafis redefined the understanding of pulmonary circulation He challenged the commonly accepted wisdom of the Greek scholar Galen, who had said that blood passes directly between the heart s right and left ventricle through the septum, the dividing wall that separates them Ibn al-Nafis put forward the idea that blood could not pass directly between the right and left chambers of the heart - and that the lungs had a role to play in this process Ibn al-Nafis de ion was not widely accepted at the time, and it wasn t until his manu was re-discovered in the 20th century that his work was universally recognised From Al-Razi, to Ibn al-Nafis, to the 10th-century philosopher and physician Ibn Sina, Jim examines the most influential medics of the Golden Age He shows us his personal copy of Ibn Sina s Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb ( The Canon of Medicine ), a comprehensive text which was the pinnacle of medical knowledge at that time It was widely copied and translated, becoming a standard medical reference across the world for centuries Jim ends his journey at the Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, learning how the institute is using the latest equipment to map the human genome The genome is the complex genetic code contained in every one of our cells and sequencing it can reveal possible diseases that are inherited Focusing on genetic and hereditary diseases specifically affecting the Qatari population, scientists from around the world have come together to work on this ambitious project that some-what parallels Baghdad s Bayt al-Hikma (The House of Wisdom), the renowned centre of learning that played an integral role in the Islamic world s scientific advance

29:40

Download History of the Islamic Golden Age | Religion, Science, & Culture in the Abbasid Empire download mp4 3gp mp3

This free lecture comes from the course The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age You can learn more about this course and The Great Courses Plus and start your FREE trial here s www TheGreatCoursesPlus com show the_history_and_achievements_of_the_islamic_golden_age?utm_source US_OnlineVideo&utm_medium SocialMediaEditorialYouTube&utm_campaign 149648 Most students of history have only a passing familiarity with the Islamic Golden Age in the Greater Middle East, from about 750 to 1258 Advancements in medicine, algebra and astronomy; influential figures like Avicenna and Averroes these asides in the traditional story of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance only gloss the surface of one of the most important periods of world history This crucial 500-year history was headquartered in Baghdad but impacted the wider world Our course, “The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age,” tells the story and the accomplishments of this great period in human civilization Taught by acclaimed lecturer Eamonn Gearon, these 24 remarkable lectures offer brilliant insights into the Islamic Golden Age The philosophers, scientists, inventors, and poets of the Abbasid Empire paved the way for the Renaissance and continue to affect our world, and The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age will forever change your perspective on world history The Abbasid Empire, which ruled the Middle East as well as much of Northern Africa and Central Asia in much of the Middle Ages, is a bridge between the ancient and modern worlds The Abbasid Empire was an international, multicultural hub of trade, travel, education, art, science, and much more Just a few of the many events and achievements of the era include Advancements in mathematics, including the birth of algebra and new insights into geometry and trigonometry The Abbasid Empire also saw the origins of the scientific method, along with the development of chemistry, physics, and astronomy as discrete fields of inquiry The Islamic Golden Age contributed to the invention of the modern “teaching hospital” and a medical encyclopedia that served Europe for the next 600 years Eamonn Gearon also uncovers the Islamic Golden Age’s development of ontological philosophy that served future Jewish, Christian, and Muslim theologians concerned with theology and the relationship between faith and reason The epicenter of the age was Baghdad and its House of Wisdom, the world’s preeminent center for learning, translation, and original research at the time Thanks to the House of Wisdom, scholars, scientists, artists, and thinkers flourished The Abbasid Empire was a highly educated, highly mobile society, and you’ll follow in the footsteps of many travelers as they made their way around the empire, from the Mediterranean to Central Asia This free lecture comes from the course The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age You can learn more about this course and The Great Courses Plus and start your FREE trial here s www TheGreatCoursesPlus com show the_history_and_achievements_of_the_islamic_golden_age?utm_source US_OnlineVideo&utm_medium SocialMediaEditorialYouTube&utm_campaign 149648 Watch more of our history videos here s www youtube com playlist?list PLjlnbdCliaJH5gPqfxfQNBQHKC1H83XNt And subscribe to our channel! We re adding new videos all the time s www youtube com sub ion_center?add_user TheGreatCo

1:20:51

Download Islam, Science, and the Challenge of History "Science and Philosophy" download mp4 3gp mp3

Dwight H Terry Lectureship February 21, 2008 Science and Philosophy An overview of key characteristics of the practice of science in classical Muslim societies and the intertwined relationship among three systems of knowledge religion, philosophy, and science Ahmad Dallal is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies and Chair of the Arabic and Islamic Studies Department of Georgetown University Professor Dallal has taught at Stanford University (2000-3), Yale University (1994-2000), and Smith College (1990-4), having earned a Ph D in Islamic Studies from Columbia University and a B E in Mechanical Engineering from the American University of Beirut His academic training and research cover the history of the disciplines of learning in Muslim societies, including both the exact and the traditional sciences, as well as modern and early modern Islamic thought and movements His books and articles are focused on the history of science, Islamic revivalist thought, and Islamic law He is currently finishing a book-length comparative study of 18th century Islamic reform entitled Islam without Europe, Traditions of Reform in Eighteen Century Islamic Thought Professor Dallal arrived in New Haven from Morocco, after having completed a year-long research sabbatical The book based on Professor Dallal s Terry lectures, Islam, Science, and the Challenge of History, is available from Yale University P

25:21

Download Science in a Golden Age Astronomy The Science of the Stars download mp4 3gp mp3

Science in a Golden Age - Astronomy The Science of the Stars Imagine trying to make sense of the universe before telescopes were even invented Jim al-Khalili reveals how scholars from the Islamic world played a crucial role in astronomy and navigation, influencing later astronomers in the renaissance In this episode of Science in the Golden Age, we examine ancient maps dating back to the 9th century at Istanbul s Museum of the History of Science and Technology in Islam In the Qatari desert, Ali Sultan al-Hajri, a businessman and Bedouin, shows how the moon and stars have played a crucial role in navigation and timekeeping for centuries Going through an extensive collection of astrolabes - versatile scientific instruments that could be considered as the computers of their day, we get a rare chance to see the inner workings of this complex device as one of the most elaborate astrolabes at the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha is taken apart Moving from ancient astronomy to the most cutting edge developments in space science, we examine the life of al-Tusi, a great astronomer whose work influenced later astronomers including Copernicus, the renaissance scientist who formulated the model of the universe that placed the sun at the centre and the planets rotating around it In this episode we also discover how the Persian astronomer al-Biruni devised an ingenious method for calculating the circumference of the earth, which allowed him to come up with an incredibly accurate estimate, within one percent of the accurate value we know t

10:45

Download Golden age of Islam | World History | Khan Academy download mp4 3gp mp3

The Abbasid Caliphate becomes a center of learning from the 9th to the 13th centuries, collecting the knowledge of India, China and ancient Greece while also making significant new contributions to mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, medicine and geography Practice this yourself on Khan Academy right now s www khanacademy org humanities world-history medieval-times cross-cultural-diffusion-of-knowledge e key-concepts--golden-age-of-islam World History on Khan Academy From the earliest civilizations to the modern world, geography, religion, trade, and politics have bound peoples and nations together — and torn them apart Take a journey through time and space and discover the fascinating history behind the complex world we inhabit today About Khan Academy Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps We ve also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content For free For everyone Forever #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to KhanAcademy s www youtube com sub ion_center?add_user khanac

25:5

Download Science in a Golden Age Chemistry The Search for the Philosopher's Stone download mp4 3gp mp3

The chemical industry has reshaped the modern world - giving us new fuels, drugs and materials But the methodology and principles of chemistry go back over a thousand years Between the 9th and 14th centuries, there was a Golden Age of Science when scholars from the Islamic world, like Jabir Ibn Hayyan and Al-Razi, introduced a rigorous experimental approach that laid the foundations for the modern scientific method In this episode of Science in a Golden Age, theoretical physicist Jim al-Khalili leads us on an exploration of just how these scientists began the process of transforming the superstition of alchemy into the science of chemistry He begins by unpicking the medieval obsession with alchemy - the effort to turn common, less valuable ls into gold He looks into the work of Jabir Ibn Hayyan, a polymath who grew up in modern-day Iran and who is credited with applying an experimental-based approach to early chemistry Through his determined efforts to dissolve and transform ls, Ibn Hayyan learnt much about acids Together with Professor Hal Sosabowski from the University of Brighton, Jim looks at the reaction of gold with aqua regia - a powerful combination of acids that Ibn Hayyan discovered Following on from Ibn Hayyan s work, chemists like Al-Kindi and Al-Razi furthered the development of scientific practice, basing their work on careful experiments and observations Their obsession with accuracy was what qualified them as being amongst the first true scientists Jim shows us the Mizan Al-Hikma , an intricate set of scales built by a scholar by the name of Al-Khazani in the 12th century What set this piece of equipment apart was not just the beauty of the craftsmanship, but the exacting precision it delivered The chemical processes developed by the Islamic scientists were motivated by numerous factors - one of which was the requirements of Islam itself - for example, the washing of the hands, face and feet before prayer This requirement for cleanliness quickly led to the development of whole industries - like the production of soap The first solid bars of soap were manufactured in the Islamic world and Jim looks at how alkalis helped develop the soap industries of the Golden Age From Jabir Ibn Hayyan to Al-Kindi to Al-Razi, this episode covers the works of some of most prolific and influential chemists of the Golden Age and tells the story of how the evolution of modern chemistry began - Subscribe to our channel bit ly AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter s twitter com AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook s www facebook com aljazeera - Check our website www aljazeera

1:30

Download The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age | The Great Courses download mp4 3gp mp3

Learn more about this course and start your FREE trial of The Great Courses Plus here s www TheGreatCoursesPlus com show the_history_and_achievements_of_the_islamic_golden_age?utm_source US_OnlineVideo&utm_medium SocialMediaEditorialYouTube&utm_campaign 149641 Eamonn Gearon Johns Hopkins University The study of Western Civilization traditionally follows a well-known but incomplete arc the grand achievements of Greece and Rome, several hundred years of the “Dark Ages,” and then the bright emergence of the European Renaissance But most students of history have only a passing familiarity with a significant period known as the Islamic Golden Age in the Greater Middle East, from about 750 to 1258 Advancements in medicine, algebra and astronomy; influential figures like Avicenna and Averroes these asides in the traditional story of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance only gloss the surface of one of the most important periods of world history It is nearly impossible to overstate the power and importance of this crucial 500-year history, headquartered in Baghdad but impacting the wider world The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age is your opportunity to get to know the story and the accomplishments of this great period in human civilization Taught by acclaimed lecturer Eamonn Gearon, these 24 remarkable lectures offer brilliant insights into an era too often overlooked by traditional history textbooks The philosophers, scientists, inventors, and poets of the Abbasid Empire paved the way for the Renaissance and continue to affect our world today in surprising ways, and The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age brings the story to life in rich detail and will forever change your perspective on world history The Abbasid Empire, which ruled the Middle East as well as much of Northern Africa and Central Asia in much of the Middle Ages, is a vitally important bridge between the ancient and modern worlds While much of Europe was quietly passing the time, the Abbasid Empire was an international, multicultural hub of trade, travel, education, art, science, and much more Just a few of the many events and achievements of the era include -Advancements in mathematics, including the birth of algebra and new insights into geometry and trigonometry -The origins of the scientific method, along with the development of chemistry, physics, and astronomy as discrete fields of inquiry -The invention of the modern “teaching hospital” and a medical encyclopedia that served Europe for the next 600 years -The preservation and translation of the world’s great literature, from the Hadith (or sayings of Muhammad) to the master works of Greece and Rome -Ontological philosophy that served future Jewish, Christian, and Muslim theologians concerned with the nature of God and the relationship between faith and reason Learn more about this course and start your FREE trial of The Great Courses Plus here s www TheGreatCoursesPlus com show the_history_and_achievements_of_the_islamic_golden_age?utm_source US_OnlineVideo&utm_medium SocialMediaEditorialYouTube&utm_campaign 149641 Don’t forget to subscribe to our channel – we are adding new videos all the time! s www youtube com sub ion_center?add_user TheGreatCo

4:40

Download Sam Harris Islam Is Not a Religion of Peace download mp4 3gp mp3

Complete video at fora tv 2010 11 10 Sam_Harris_Can_Science_Determine_Human_Values Author Sam Harris argues that Islam -- like most religions -- is not simply a peaceful faith misrepresented by extremists "The only problem with Islamic fundamentalism are the fundamentals of Islam," says Harris "To call Islam a religion of peace is completely delusional " ----- In this highly anticipated, explosive new book, the author of The End of Faith and Letter to a Christian Nation calls for an end to religion s monopoly on morality and human values In The Moral Landscape How Science Can Determine Human Values, Sam Harris tears down the wall between scientific facts and human values to dismantle the most common justification for religious faith -- that a moral system cannot be based on science The End of Faith ignited a worldwide debate about the validity of religion In its aftermath, Harris discovered that most people, from secular scientists to religious fundamentalists, agree on one point Science has nothing to say on the subject of human values Even among religious fundamentalists, the defense one most often hears for belief in God is not that there is compelling evidence that God exists, but that faith in Him provides the only guidance for living a good life Controversies about human values are controversies about which science has officially had no opinion Until now Morality, Harris argues, is actually an undeveloped branch of neuroscience, and answers to questions of human value can be visualized on a "moral landscape" -- a space of real and potential outcomes whose peaks and valleys correspond to human states of greater or lesser wellbeing Different ways of thinking and behaving -- different cultural practices, ethical codes, modes of government, etc -- translate into movements across this landscape Such changes can be analyzed objectively on many levels, ranging from biochemistry to economics, but they have their crucial realization as experiences in the human brain Bringing a fresh, secular perspective to age-old questions of right and wrong, and good and evil, Harris shows that we know enough about the human brain and its relationship to events in the world to say that there are right and wrong answers to the most pressing questions of human life Because such answers exist, cultural relativism is simply false -- and comes at increasing cost to humanity And just as there is no such thing as Christian physics or Muslim algebra, there can be no Christian or Muslim morality Using his expertise in philosophy and neuroscience, along with his experience on the front lines of our "culture wars," Sam Harris delivers a game-changing argument about the future of science and about the real basis of human cooperation - Berkeley Arts and Letters Sam Harris is an American non-fiction author, and CEO of Project Reason He received a Ph D in neuroscience from UCLA, and is a graduate in philosophy from Stanford University He has studied both Eastern and Western religious traditions, along with a variety of contemplative disciplines, for twenty years He is a proponent of scientific skepticism and is the author of The End of Faith (2004), which won the 2005 PEN Martha Albrand Award, Letter to a Christian Nation (2006), a rejoinder to criticism of his first book, and The Moral Landscape (2

5:43

Download HOW QURAN IS AHEAD OF SCIENCE! download mp4 3gp mp3

If you like our content and would like to stay updated please subscribe and press the bell (next to the subscribe button) to receive updates and notifications! ► Subscribe Now s goo gl 2tmfa8 ► Donate www gofundme com MercifulServantVideos ► Become A Patron s www patreon com mercifulservant ► Speaker Dr Zakir Naik MS Website www themercifulservant com MS Facebook s www facebook com MercifulServantHD MS Twitter s twitter com MercifulServnt MS Instagram instagram com mercifulservant MS SoundCloud www soundcloud com mercifulservant Personal Facebook s www facebook com mercifulservant PLEASE NOTE Any of the views expressed by the speakers do not necessarily represent the views of The Merciful Servant or any other projects it may have or intend to do The Merciful Servant and it s affiliates do not advocate nor condone any unlawful activity towards any individual or community COPYRIGHT NOTICE We allow anyone to translate our content and reshare videos but the video must remain branded under themercifulservant (with our logo and channel link) all speakers and artists should also be credited in the de ion, Video Footage All footage used in our videos are licensed to MercifulServant Media, and you are not permitted to cut clips and use in your own videos (without permission from the original owner of the stock footage or images) Please contact us for more information you must also seek permission from the footage owner before monetisation of any con

9:58

Download What if Islam Had Conquered Europe? download mp4 3gp mp3

Viewers like you help make PBS (Thank you 😃) Support your local PBS Member Station here s to pbs org DonateORIG Subscribe to Origin of Everything! bit ly originsub Could Muslim forces have conquered Europe during the Middle Ages? Well if the Battle of Tours in 732, where Frankish King Charles Martel defeated the army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, had the opposite outcome it’s very possible European history could have been wildly different How so? Watch the episode to find out Like our Facebook Page s www facebook com pbsoriginofeverything Instagram @pbsoriginofeverything Written and Hosted By Danielle Bainbridge Graphics By Noelle Smith Edited By Linda Huang Produced By Kornhaber Brown (www kornhaberbrown com) Works Cited s www britannica com event Battle-of-Tours-732 www history com this-day-in-history battle-of-tours s www youtube com watch?v Rb8pGJy2aXs s historyofislam com the-battle-of-tours www history com this-day-in-history founder-of-islam-dies s www britannica com biography Charles-Martel s www youtube com watch?v ye4vsIHBACM www history com topics crusades s www livescience com 4892-charlemagne-changed-world html s www nationalgeographic com archaeology-and-history magazine 2016 11-12 muslim-medicine-scientific-discovery-islam www history com news history-lists 6-reasons-the-dark-ages-werent-so-dark s plato stanford edu entries arabic-islamic-influence www nytimes com 2001 12 29 books shelf-life-the-story-of-islam-s-gift-of-paper-to-the-west html Gerard Wiegers; Jews, Christians, and the Abode of Islam Modern Scholarship, Medieval Realities Common Knowledge 1 January 2015; 21 (1) 106 David Hanlon; Islam and Stereotypical Discourse in Medieval Castile and León Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 1 September 2000; 30 (3) 479–504 Gerard Wiegers; Fuzzy Categories and Religious Polemics The Daily Life of Christians and Muslims in the Medieval and Early Modern Mediterranean World Common Knowledge 1 August 2013; 19 (3) 474–489 Books Jacob Lassner Jews, Christians, and the Abode of Islam Modern Scholarship, Medieval Realities Jasbir Puar Terrorist Assemblages David Cook Understanding

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